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CATARACT:
A NEW LIFE FOR YOUR EYES

Know About Cataract

A cataract is a dense and cloudy area formed in the lens of the eye. Generally, it begins when the proteins in the eye clump and it prevents the lens from sending clear images to the retina. Well, it develops during old age but it can occur in young children and even infants. The result of a cataract is blurred vision and bright lights sensitivity. It expedites the progressive diminishing of vision that results in poor life quality and interference in daily activities.

Cataracts can form in both eyes but may not be at the same time. The only way to stop the progress of the cataract is surgery. Through the surgery, the natural lens is taken out and an artificial lens is an artificial intraocular lens, also known as IOL. IOL is placed inside the eye. The surgery helps in restoring natural and even normal vision.

Causes of Cataract

• Smoking
• Ultraviolet Radiation
• Long-term Use of Steroids
• Diabetes
• Radiation Therapy
• Trauma
• Overproduction of Oxidants

Risk Factors Associated With Cataract

• People Aged 60 Years and Above
• High Blood Pressure
• Any Previous Eye Injury
• Excessive Sun Exposure
• History of Steroid Use

Different Types of Cataracts

• Nuclear Cataracts

It forms the middle of the lens and causes the nucleus to turn yellow.

• Cortical Cataracts

They are wedge-shaped and formed around the edge of the nucleus.

• Traumatic Cataracts

Generally, they develop after an injury to the eye.

• Congenital Cataracts

The type of cataract formed during birth or form during the baby’s birth.

• Posterior Capsular Cataracts

This type of cataract forms very fast and affects the back of the lens.

• Secondary Cataracts

The overdose of steroid prednisone and other medication can sometimes lead to this type of cataract.

• Radiation Cataracts

They form after a person undergoes radiation treatment for cancer.

Different Symptoms of Cataracts

• Trouble seeing at night
• Seeing colors as faded
• Halos surrounding the light
• Vision gets blurred
• Double Vision
• Blurred Vision
• Need for frequent change of glasses

Diagnosis Done To Check Cataract

The world-class doctors will review your medical history and perform an eye examination and the tests associated with it. They are:

• Visual Acuity Test

It is the normal eye chart that helps you to read the series of letters, by closing the alternative eye. The eye doctor determines your 20/20 vision and sees if your vision shows any signs of impairment.

• Slit-lamp Examination

The microscope or slit lamp uses an extreme line of light to brighten your cornea, iris, lens, and space between the iris and cornea. It helps our eye experts to view the structures and detect any tiny abnormalities.

• Retinal Exam

To examine the back of your eye our doctors use eye drops to widely open your pupils. The doctor uses an ophthalmoscope to examine your lens for any signs of a cataract.

After a thorough evaluation of the eye, an eye surgeon will talk with you about the best- visual acuity. They will help you to judge with trial lenses if you are at all comfortable with these eye glasses in your daily life.

In case, if you feel uncomfortable, the eye surgeon will talk with you about the prospect of cataract surgery with the available techniques.

Different Types of Cataract Treatment

The surgery has long been demonstrated to be an effective treatment for the cataract. With technological advancement, cataract surgery is now much safer, and you can get your accurate vision. It involves a minimal amount of risks.

However, the decision to opt for this surgery is determined on how much the vision is damaged. Some people with cataracts has observed that their vision gradually improves by using glasses, or stronger lighting. However, if both eyes get affected by cataract, each eye needs to be operated to fix the problem.

The common surgical procedures are:

Extracapsular Cataract Extraction

In this process, ultrasound waves are used for breaking up the lens or it is either extracted via a tiny hollow tube. This process is called phacoemulsification, or phaco. The normal lens capsule which surrounds the lens is left intact.

Intracapsular Cataract Extraction

In this process, both the lens as well as the lens capsule gets removed. This process is much older and only performed in very rare instances. Once the lens gets removed, it is to be replaced with any one of these ways:

• During cataract surgery, an artificial lens is placed in the eye.

• A contact lens.

• Special cataract glasses with very powerful magnification.

What are the latest surgical techniques for cataract treatment?

Latest technologies are used for the treatment of cataract in Delhi:-

• Microincision or Regular Phaco Cataract Surgery

In traditional microincision and phacoemulsification cataract surgery, capsulotomy is done manually by making use of a bent needle. This opening allows the ultrasound waves to coalesce the natural lens of the eye before it is taken out of the eye with the help of a vacuum. When it is manually performed, this capsulotomy tends to go to one side, results in the capsular bag tear. This implies that the Intraocular lens which gets implanted might not as stable as it needs to be.

• Robotic or Femtosecond Cataract Surgery

To eliminate the error caused through microincision surgery, this Femtosecond laser cataract surgery was developed. It makes use of laser beam for creating the capsulotomy and further reducing the likelihood of human error and any other complications. Though it requires a little more time you will get an excellent visual. It is at 100 pct. This surgery is known for being painless and stitch-less. This surgery cannot be done on patients with small pupils.

• ZeptoCapsulotomy Cataract Surgery

This type of surgery is cheaper than femtosecond cataract surgery and uses a handled disposable apparatus to create a strong capsulotomy. It also results in less logistical challenges cost and less surgical time. We provide this surgery more safely.

Approval

Cataract Surgery has been approved by US-FDA. It is considered to be the safest procedure for spec removal.

Cataract Surgery Cost in Delhi

The price of the surgery depends on various factors; one of them being the age of the person and the other being previous medical histories. You can ask your ophthalmologist to give you an estimate of the surgery based on the procedure you choose.

Best Surgeon for Cataract Surgery

Dr. Surya Kant Jha is the best surgeon for Cataract Surgery.

FAQS:

If you are facing the following problems, you will know that you are having a cataract. The symptoms are:
• Trouble seeing at night
• Seeing colors as faded
• Halos surrounding the light
• Vision gets blurred
• Double Vision
• Blurred Vision
• Need for frequent change of glasses

There is no medication for cataracts. However, different surgical procedures are available for treating cataract. The surgical procedures that could be chosen are Extracapsular cataract extraction and Intracapsular cataract extraction.

There won’t be any visible scarring but there might be a small redness in the eye. After the surgery, you will be able to go home by wearing an eye pad and shield. The shield must be worn for the first week at night. Your vision will start to improve after the second day. However, you might experience a slight blurring or misting in the eyes, which would improve with time.

The moment you face difficulty with your vision, you can talk with your ophthalmologist.

A cataract starts to develop from the age of 40 and it intensifies when one attains the age of 50 and 60.

You can consult with the surgeon about the placement and the degree of depth that one expects.