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Neuro-ophthalmology is the field that deals with the intricate relationship between our eyes and nerves. Neuro Ophthalmologists have extensive training in both the fields of neurology and ophthalmology. The experts diagnose the complex system in disorders of the nervous system of the patients affecting their vision, pupillary reflexes, alignment of the eyes and its movements etc. and treat them accordingly.
When Is The Right Time for Visiting a Neuro Ophthalmologist?
It is hard for a novice to decide whether he or she requires the help of the neuro-ophthalmologist. Your regular eye doctor is the person who suggests you visit the specialist after depending on the condition of your eyes.
More often than not, the symptoms that make the ophthalmologist suggest the specialist doctor is related to the problems associated with the optic nerve or the diseases that affect the visual pathways (it is the nervous system element that bridges the gap between our brain and eyes).
Other dilemmas that can prompt your regular ophthalmologist to suggest a visit to the doctor can be associated with the problems that affect the pupil of the eyes and certain types of squint.
Symptoms Indicating Neuro Ophthalmological Problems
There are plenty of symptoms that can indicate that you are suffering from neuro-ophthalmological problems. So, if you notice any of the following issues, don’t hesitate to get in touch with your doctor.
- Sudden loss or decrease in sight.
- Sudden eye stroke or transient ischemic attack leading to loss of vision.
- Visual hallucinations without any changes in behaviour.
- Unmanageable splitting headache.
- Diplopia or double vision
- Unexpected onset of problems in identifying different colours.
- Pupillary problems in eyes, like a difference in the sizes of the pupils, sluggish reactions etc.
- Adult-onset of Squint and some other variants of the problem as well.
- Visual field defects.
Eye Diseases That Neuro Ophthalmologists Manage
Here is a list of eye problems that require the attention of the neuro-ophthalmologists. Check it out.
The optic nerve is the channel which carries all the visual information to your brain. The disease optic neuritis starts when the optic nerve of a person gets inflamed. The inflammation can onset due to any nerve disease or infection resulting in temporary loss of vision. This problem generally occurs in one eye. People suffering from this problem can suffer from pain as well. Most of the time, optic neuritis is associated with multiple sclerosis.
Papilledema is one of the medical conditions in which the optic nerve of the eyes gets swollen. The symptoms of this problem range from headaches, visual disturbances to nausea. More often than not, this problem starts when there is some pressure buildup in and around the brain. This buildup prompts the optic nerve to swell. This problem can occur in both or any one of the eyes. If left unattended, this problem can cause permanent damage to your vision. The treatment of this problem can vary depending on the cause of the issue.
Toxic or Nutritional Neuropathy
The toxic substances of tobacco or alcohol can also damage the optic nerve of your eyes. Nutritional neuropathy can also take place due to malnutrition caused by an unbalanced diet. In such cases, vitamin B-complex and folic acid requirements of your body do not get fulfilled. This deficiency leads to this issue. The condition weakens the vision of the patient.
Squint or Strabismus
While squint is quite common in children, sudden onset of squint among the adults is troubling, especially, if it is associated with double vision. Most of the time, it occurs due to paralysis of one or more small muscles of the eyes. Known as paralytic strabismus, this problem limits the eye movement of the patient as well.
Tests Used for Diagnosing The Neuro Ophthalmology Issues
A comprehensive eye examination is always the best way of diagnosing eye problems. To diagnose the neuro-ophthalmological problems, your eye doctor can also prescribe one or more of the following tests.
These tests not only help the doctors to diagnose the issue but also enable them to plan the treatment procedures. Here is a list of common tests that doctors often prescribe to you.
- Orthoptic evaluation.
- Analysis of the optic movements.
- Different image studies, including MRI, CT scan, MR venogram.
- Analysis of the colour vision and contrast sensitivity of the eyes.
- Lumbar puncture.
- Coherence Tomography of the optical nerve.
- Diplopia charting.
The Best Neuro-Ophthalmology Center In Delhi
We are undoubtedly one of the best neuro-Ophthalmology centres in Delhi. We not only have a dedicated department that addresses these issues but also a robust team of experienced doctors, headed by Dr Surya Kant Jha, a renowned neuro-Ophthalmologist.
We do not believe in lingering the treatment. Once a patient comes into our care, we try to identify the problem within a short span and start the treatment as early as possible.
Our high tech facility enables our doctors to ensure that our patients get the best possible treatment within a pocket-friendly budget.
A neuro-Ophthalmologist is an eye doctor who has done specialization in the brain and nervous system-related disorders. This rigorous training, the experience of handling a specific type of patients and the ability to identify the problem makes these specialist doctors more suitable for treating the neuro-ophthalmic issues among patients. Their knowledge and experience also help them to plan a better treatment regime for the patients suffering from nervous system disorders that affect the vision of the patients.
The short answer to this question is, yes. A stroke is a powerful medical condition that can stop the blood supply in the brain and damage the blood vessels that are associated with it. The nerves that are associated with vision can also get damaged during a strike. However, the type of vision loss that anyone suffers from depends on the part of the brain that gets affected by it. While some people experience blurred or double vision, others might experience a loss of peripheral vision.
The blind spots and blurred visions are common symptoms of different eye conditions. Multiple sclerosis is just one of them. So, if you suffer from any of these two issues, you should not jump to the conclusion right away. Instead, you should visit your general physician or ophthalmologist, who can then conduct different tests to find out the root cause of the issue.
It is better not to approach the specialists all on your own. You should first visit your general ophthalmologist in case of any visual problems. If the doctor suspects any neurological disorder related to vision loss, he or she will advise you to see the specialist.