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Knowing About Retina
The retina resembles the film of the camera, where the image is usually formed and is passed on to the brain for processing via the optic nerve. Being a thin tissue layer it is present at the eye’s back wall. It comprises of millions of sensitive cells that are responsible for converting light to electrical impulses.
The moment a retina gets damaged, which might be due to aging, then it can lead to significant disturbances in vision. This should be treated immediately. Well, if it is not treated on time, the problem would become permanent. Studies show that retinal diseases can even cause permanent vision loss in many patients.
Common Symptoms Of The Retinal Disease
- Seeing Spots or Floaters
- Blurred or Distorted Vision
- Partial Vision Loss
Different Types Of Disorders Which Are Related To The Retina
One gets to see various types of problems associated with the retina. They are:
- Retinal Tear
Generally, it happens when the clear, gel-like material present in the middle of the eye starts to shrink and pulls on the thin layer of tissue that lines the back of the retina with enough traction causing it to break.
- Retinal Detachment
When the fluid moves through the retinal tear, it causes the retina to move away from the chief tissue layers.
- Diabetic Retinopathy
Diabetes is one of the most common causes of eye diseases and even blindness. If you are suffering from diabetes, it would lead to conditions, such as redness of the eye, blurring of vision, and more. Also, uncontrolled diabetes or the high blood sugar level not only damages the blood vessels of the eye but also causes fluid accumulation in the retina. This causes the retina to swell and distorting the vision. Well, the retina degenerates due to the lack of oxygen and nutrients.
- Macular Hole
It is a minute deformity that occurs in the center of the retina. The hole might appear due to the abnormal traction between the vitreous and retina.
- Macular Degeneration
The damage to the Macula causes this problem. It occurs when the center of the retina begins to deteriorate. Generally, the symptoms are you might get a blind spot at the center of the field or blurred vision. There are two types of degeneration one is wet and another is dry. Usually, it is seen that one will get a dry and later wet form of degeneration.
- Retinitis Pigmentosa
It is an inherited deteriorating disease, which slowly affects the retina and causes loss of night vision.
A thorough examination of the eye is conducted to look out for any abnormalities. The following tests may be done to check the extent of the disease:
- Amsler Grid Test
It is done to test the clarity of the vision. The doctor will test it with the lines of the grid and check whether it appears faded or distorted. It will help in determining the retinal damage.
- Optical Coherence Tomography
It helps to capture the precise image of the retina for identifying the epiretinal membranes, swelling, and macular holes.
- Fluorescein Angiography
Our experts use a dye that causes the blood vessels to stand out under the light. This assists in determining the closed as well as the leaking blood vessels, or any abnormal changes that takes place the back portion of the eye.
- Indocyanine Green Angiography
In this test, the eye experts will use a dye that light up when comes under infrared and getting a distinct picture of the blood vessels behind the retina.
A wide range of treatment options are present for patients.
- Laser Surgery
The eye doctor will use a laser to heat small points on the retina and help in binding the retina to the underlying tissue. It also decreases the chance of retinal detachment.
- Shrinking The Blood Vessels
The doctor uses laser photocoagulation to shrink the abnormal blood vessels that are bleeding or about to bleed. In some cases, it helps people with diabetic retinopathy.
- Identifying The Surface Of The Eye
It is known as scleral (SKLAIR-ul) to repair the retinal detachment and our expert sew a small piece of silicone material to the outside surface of the eye. It helps in reattaching the retina.
- Replacing The Eye Fluid
The procedure is called a vitrectomy and our experts remove the fluid from the eye and inject air or liquid into space.
- Implanting Retinal Prosthesis
People who have severe vision loss due to certain inherited retinal diseases may undertake this procedure. A small electrode chip is implanted into the retina and it receives input from a video camera on a pair of sunglasses.
Retina Surgery Cost in Delhi
Being an advanced treatment for eye-care, Retina Surgery comes with a different price tag. However, the cost would vary depending on several factors, such as the severity of the retinal tear or retinal detachment, the complexity of the procedure, the expertise of the staff, and the equipment so that the ophthalmologist would use for carrying out the surgery.
Best Surgeon for Retina Treatment
Dr. Surya Kant Jha is one of the top surgeons for Retinal Surgery. He is committed to offer world-class treatment for everyone. In fact, under his guidance and supervision, his team has been able to cater to promptly detect and tackle all kinds of retinal conditions. So if you are facing any problem, do not think much and visit our center.
Retina surgery usually takes around 45 minutes to 3 hours. However, the exact time could be mentioned based on the surgical procedure chosen by the patient.
Retina surgery is major surgery. Hence, one can feel slight pain as soon as the anesthesia wears off. Painkillers are prescribed to patients after the surgery. In case of any discomfort, the patient should immediately inform the doctor. You might also experience a slight irritation in the eyes.
No. You will not be allowed to drive. In fact, you will need someone to take you back home safely. It’s mainly because your vision will remain a bit blurry after the surgery.
To know whether Retina Surgery would be suitable for you or not, consider a thorough eye evaluation from a reputed doctor. They can guide you on this matter.